- Born- 1872
- Location- Mono County, CA?
- Died- 1910
- Location- Laws, Inyo, CA?
- Jim Watterson
- Frank Andrews
- Minnie Logan
- George Johns
- Essie Johns
- Maude Johns
|The image is from a mugshot photo of Allie. A better, larger photo from that is here. And this is a prison photo.
Very little information is known about Allie. He has children from different mothers, he went to prison for Assault with a Deadly Weapon, was sentenced from Aug 9, 1907 til Feb 29, 1908 (I hope that was a leap year!), and he is Mono Paiute, son of Long Valley John and Maggies Johns. Also note that John and Johns are both used for the entire family (Maggie, Allie, Annie, Minnie and so on).
The information on the prison photo above (on the black card) give the date the photo was taken and his age, so a year of birth can be determined - 1907 subtracting 35 years gives us 1872. If his mother Maggie's date of birth is correct on some Indian censuses, then Allie was born when she was but 12 years old. The US Census for 1910, seen next paragraph, lists his age as 45, which seems way off. That would place his year of birth about 1862, two years after his mother was born.
As those photos indicate, Allie was in a bit of trouble with the law. A cousin had found an old website (no longer exists, so "Hello, WayBack Machine!" - look here) that had some old newspaper "headline blurbs" with dates on it, so in looking those up in the newspaper archives, these articles were found -
We find that Tow Abe had killed a Sherrif's deputy and that Allie John had assaulted a man that was with the deputy. The news articles, given the time period they were written, are pretty biased in the main, over-all story about this. From the accounts, it seems as though all Tow Abe initially did wrong was talk to a girl. The deputy seemed pretty prejudiced and was actually the instigator/aggressor, yet the paper tried to portray him as some hero, while the Indians were vile, bad guys. As for Allie, it seems as if he wasn't there originally, but had happened upon the scene after the frackus began, and he took action. At least the jury was pretty smart and lowered the charges against Tow Abe to manslaughter instead of 1st degree murder, AND it seems they asked for clemency. Allie, though, appears to have plead guilty to the assault charges himself rather than having been found guilty by a jury. There is what I consider a snide comment about Allie's father in one of the articles, saying Long Valley John was notorious. And finally, it is stated indirectly that Tow Abe died in prison, not long after his statement to the paper about filing for parole. I hope to someday locate the court records of the actual trial, and possibly the prison record on Tow Abe to find out how he died.
- Inyo Register May 02, 1907: "W.F. Edwards Murdered By A Drunken Indian"
- Inyo Register May 16, 1907: "Indian's Version"
- Inyo Register May 30, 1907: "Indictment"
- Inyo Register June 20, 1907: "Arraignment of the Benton Indians"
- Inyo Register July 11, 1907: "Witness Called"
- Inyo Register July 18, 1907: "Bad State Of Affairs In Mono"
- Inyo Register August 08, 1907: "Mono Jury Agrees On Manslaughter Verdict"
- Photos August 09, 1907: Seen Above
- Inyo Register August 15, 1907: "Light Sentences"
- Inyo Register December 08, 1908: "Giving Notice"
- Inyo Register March 04, 1909: "Bring Body Home"
Back to their names for a moment. Both Allie and Tow are referred to by different names throughout the articles. It's easy to see who is who, but it is interesting that, even in newspaper articles, Allie's name keeps changing. Allie is referred to as "another Indian came up", "John Allen" (think Allie John in reverse), "Allie Johns" (with the 's'), "Ollie John" and "Allie John" (without the 's' this time), all in that order. As for Tow Abe, he is referred to as "George Towie" (of Big Pine and a baseball player), "Ed. Tow", "Tow Abe", simply "Tow" (used as if a last name rather than a first name) and back to "Tow Abe", also all in that order. I am guessing that "Gray-Haired Johnny" is the brother Tow mentions.
This 1910 US Census is rather confusing. It lists Allie as "Allie Jones", married to Minnie "Jones", and with Essie and Maude on the second page (George is not listed, but we know he is Essie and Maude's brother). 1910, as seen by the letter below, is the same year that Allie died (even down to the same month as the census). How do we know this Allie "Jones" is our Allie? A couple of things clear that up - Maude and Minnie's Indian applications of 1928 (completed in 1930, see below) state the father (albeit, a slight typo in first name - The "r" should be an "l") as being Arlie "Jones" or "Johns", and more importantly, by Maude having been one of the signers to the Long Valley John land sale petition. Her relation to Long Valley John was that of a granddaughter, and Allie's daughter.
His father, date of death (the year prior to this letter) and two more sons, Jim Watterson and Frank Andrews, are taken directly from this 1911 BIA letter. There is a James, aka Jim, Watterson living at Laws on this 1910 US Census. Jame's age is listed as 21. Note the nature of the letter. It tells a different, though inaccurate, story of why Allie and Tow (mentioned as the other Indian that had died) went to prison.
This 1912 BIA letter from Maggie Johns mentions the original date for this land subject was April 21, 1899. Long Valley John had passed away in 1900. So to go back to the 1911 letter, where it mentions it was believed the land was in Allie Johns name at the time of the assault incident. This would be incorrect (it was still in Long Valley John's name, and thus Maggie, not Allie, was the actual person it then belonged to). Unfortunately, Allie had, as mentioned, passed away in 1910, prior to the actual Federal acknowledgement that the property belonged to the family.
Both his widowed wife and daughter, Minnie (Minnie's page 2) and Maude (Maude's page 3), completed the 1928 Indian Application for enrollment. On Minnie's application, she states she is widowed, and that her husband, Arlie (typo, should be Allie), died 18 years prior (actually 20, since this 1828 form was completed in 1930). The approximate year of death matches that of Allie. She also states Allie was FULL blooded Paiute. On Maude's application, she lists her father as Arlie (again, the typo, as information was copied over from Minnie's, or vice-versa) "Jones" or John (from this point forward, all referrence to Maude was as John(s), no more "Jones". The name "Jones" came from the mentioned 1910 US Census). She also states he was FULL Paiute.
For Minnie's full application, the pages are here - page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4, page 5 and page 6.
For Maude's full application, the pages are here - page 1, page 2, page 3, page 4, page 5 and page 6. Maude's is rather interesting. On that page 1, where it shows she lives, there is a comment about not living on the "trust property". This would be in referrence to Long Valley John's property, most likely, because in the 1951 (see below) petition to sell the Long Valley John land, Maude is one of the initiators. That makes it curious that she also states on her application that she doesn't know her paternal grandparents names (page 4). Would they not be listed on that trust mentioned on the application? Maude states she does not remember the date of death for her father, Allie. This would be correct, as Maude was not quite a year old at the time. The listed date of her birth is 1910 on that application, but this is wrong. It was 1909. Maude is on this 1910 US Census, and the census date is June, 1910. Since Maude was born in December, that would be the December PRIOR to the census, ie 1909. There are Indian censuses as well that place her birth in 1909. Her Social Security Index Death date is also wrong, stating 1910.
Maude's application also answers a question on it about appearing on a census from 1928. That census is here, living with her mother Minnie. Note the year of birth is 1902 - wrong again. Also on the census is Maude's daughter, born in 1925 (Amelia). That child is mentioned on Maude's above Indian Application. Her son Archie, however, is not on the census, but is on the application. The father of Maude's first two children is listed as Alvin King. Maude says they never married. The other child, Leo, is a son of George (Maude's brother), and can be found on Minnie's application.
Maude married Bert Shaw sometime between 1934 and 1937, and thus would now be known as Maude Shaw.
As far as the petition to sell Long Valley John's property goes, Maude is one of two to sign their actual name. Her half-brother, Jim Watterson, also signed. The other two, her brother George and Captain Sam's daughter, Leanna (Sam) Tom, "marked" their signature. This "sheet" shows how the break-down was to take place - "Break Down Sheet". I have no idea how they figured the break down. Maude and George were to receive the largest claims on the petition, while Johnnie, Julia, Dorothy and Sarah received less, and Jim receiving less than them. Interesting that Allie is not on the break down, but his wife Minnie is, and John (Annie's husband) was not. Also note Maggie's second and third husbands were figured into this as well (Tom Jefferson and Captain Sam).
As mentioned before, Allie had two other sons. Jim Watterson is on the list to receive benefits from the land auction (and was an initial signer, as seen above), but Frank Andrews is not. Additionally, Jim Watterson shows a Yerington, NV address on this Fund Distribution in the year 1952. I have no other information on these two - Who was(were) their mother(s)? Who did they live with, since they do not appear on any censuses as pertains to Maggie, Allie or Minnie? Who did they marry, if at all? Any children of their own?
The previously mentioned 1907-1909 news articles and 1911 BIA letter mentioned Tow Abe. Here are his photos - mugshot, a better, larger photo from that is here, and this is a prison photo. It was pointed out by the person that gave me these photos that Tow Abe is the English name, and that his Indian name was Toyabe, pronounced just like Toiyabe, as in Toiyabe National Forest or Toiyabe Indian Health Clinic. Out of curiousity, I tried to find anything with "Tow Abe" on it, but found nothing. Keep in mind, I just looked for curiousity's sake, not because he is related to us (maybe he is and we don't know it), but because he was involved in an incident with Allie that seemed pretty biased against him, and I felt he should be remembered as well.
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